In golf, every club has a specific purpose. Without a variety of different clubs in your bag, it is hard to achieve success on the golf course. The specific clubs you use depend on your skill and style of play, but the constants in every golfer's bag are a driver, woods, hybrids, irons and a putter. The maximum number of clubs allowed in your bag is 14; pick and choose from different types of clubs to keep under the club limit.
A driver is the largest and longest club in a golfer's bag and is typically made of steel, titanium or composite materials. Driver shafts are steel, graphite or fiberglass. This club, designed for maximum distance, is often the most expensive single club in a golfer's bag.
Also called fairway woods or fairway metals, these clubs have a similar but smaller head shape compared to a driver and are available in different sizes and lofts. The 3-wood, for example, is designed to hit the ball farther than the 5-wood or 7-wood, but not as far as the driver. Golfers use these clubs for teeing off or hitting directly off the ground. They have more loft than a driver, which results in a shot that travels a shorter distance and has a higher trajectory.
The hybrid club is a cross between an iron and wood. Hybrid clubheads are shaped like a small fairway wood but typically with a shorter shaft like an iron. These easy-to-hit clubs are designed to replace longer, less-lofted irons.
Irons make up the majority of the clubs in most golfers' bags. They have a thin profile and can be equipped with steel or graphite shafts. A full set of irons numbers from the 3, 4 or 5 iron to the 9 iron. Irons are used for layup shots or approach shots into the green. They are also used to tee off on the shortest holes and for short shot around the green, such as chip and pitch shots.
Wedges are irons with the most amount of loft. Wedges are designed to provide short distance and high trajectory, making them ideal around the green, in a sand bunker or in the deep rough. The wedge family includes, from lowest loft to highest, the pitching wedge, gap/approach wedge, sand wedge and lob wedge.
Every golfer carries a putter in his bag. The putter is the club used to roll the ball on green with the ultimate goal of putting the ball in the hole. It has a flat face and a nearly vertical lie. Putters are available in many styles, including blade putters and mallet putters. Most putter shafts are short, requiring the golfer to bend during her stroke, but some players prefer longer-shafted putters, often called belly or broomstick putters.