The typical single group of golfing friends will contain two, three or four people. These groups are referred to as twosomes, threesomes or foursomes, respectively. At many courses, a solo player or even a twosome may be combined with another group. Groups of more than four people are more unwieldy and are likely slow down play for following groups. Indeed, many courses discourage or even prohibit groups of more than four golfers. Larger groups, however, may get together to play at the same course by dividing themselves into threesomes or foursomes and playing separately.
A water hazard on a golf course is typically a pond or small lake, but may be as large as part of an ocean or as small as a drainage ditch. Regardless of size, however, hitting the ball into a water hazard will almost always prove costly. A player doing so frequently plays a second ball from the location of the original shot, or takes a drop out of the water hazard pursuant to Rule 26 of the standard Rules of Golf, incurring a 1-stroke penalty in either case. Occasionally a player may attempt to hit out of a water hazard, but he must be mindful of how to do so legally.
The PGA Championship is one of golf’s four major tournaments, along with the U.S. and British Opens, and the Masters. It was first played in 1916 and has been played annually since then, except for 1917 and 1918, due to World War I, and 1943, because of World War II. From 1916 through 1957 the event was a match play tournament, with each match consisting of 36 holes. Since 1958 the PGA Championship has been a stroke play event. Through the 2011 tournament Walter Hagen and Jack Nicklaus have won the PGA Championship most often, with five apiece.
In recent decades the People's Republic of China and Taiwan -- officially the Republic of China -- have produced numerous world class athletes in many sports, and golf is no exception. A number of Chinese women have found success around the golfing world, including the LPGA Tour. PGA pro Robert Karlsson, in an article published on Jan. 10, 2012, on ChinaDaily.com, asserted that the number of Chinese people who play golf is expected to grow from 300,000 to 20 million by 2020. "Some see women golfers at the vanguard of the Chinese surge to prominence," Karlsson wrote.